The most recent few releases of the Wallaby configuration management service have included some great new features: wallaby console can now be used as an interpreter for shebang scripts, wallaby inventory now supports limiting the nodes it lists with expressive constraints, the wallaby http-server command provides access to node configurations over HTTP, and the wallaby command and its subcommands feature many minor functional and aesthetic improvements. One feature that I’m particularly excited about is under the hood: there is now an API for extending the wallaby shell with your own subcommands. In this post, we’ll look at how to make a new wallaby subcommand.
First, make sure you’re running wallaby 0.9.23 or later. If you’re running Fedora, you can simply git clone the repository, check out the v0.9.23 tag, and run rake rpms to generate installable packages.
Next, you’ll want to have a directory in which to put your custom wallaby shell commands. I recommend putting them somewhere in your home directory. (For the purposes of this discussion, we’ll assume that you’re using ~/.wallaby.) The wallaby command will find and attempt to load every ruby file in this directory that begins with cmd_, so you probably don’t want it to be writable by anyone other than you. Once you have this directory set up, set WALLABY_COMMAND_DIR in your environment to this directory:
We’ll start by making a fairly straightforward command that simply prints out the API version supported by the wallaby service. To create a new wallaby command, use wallaby new-command:
The -d option allows us to provide a description for the new command (viz., what would show up if we typed wallaby help commands). The -D option allows us to specify a directory in which to create the new command file. (wallaby new-command supports several other options; you can use wallaby help new-command for additional documentation.) After executing this command, we’ll have a documented template file for a new wallaby command, called cmd_api_version.rb, installed in our WALLABY_COMMAND_DIR. It will look something like this:
We can now run wallaby help commands and verify that our command shows up. Sure enough, it does:
We can even run wallaby api-version, although it won’t do anything yet. To make it do something useful, we’re going to edit the act method defined for us in the ApiVersion class. We could do something very simple, like insert puts store.apiVersionNumber before return 0, but it would be nice to allow a user to format the API version number as he or she sees fit, in order to use the result of our command in other scripts.
To let the user supply a format string, we’ll need to add a command-line option, which requires us to edit the init_option_parser method. This method must return an OptionParser object; if you haven’t used Ruby’s option parser class, read up on its documentation. For this example, though, the changes we have to make are pretty minor.
After we’ve added a command-line option and a body for the act method, our cmd_api_version.rb file will look more like this:
Running this command without arguments will return a string like The wallaby service is running version 20100915 of the Wallaby API. If you supply a format string, you can get simply the raw number (with --format '%s') or something more suited to your taste. (Note that this example script doesn’t do any sanity- or error-checking of the format string, which you’d certainly want to do if you were going to put your command into production.)
We’ll look at a more interesting example wallaby shell command and some of the issues that more interesting commands raise in a future post.